See the rust-lang/rust INSTALL.


You will need an internet connection to build. The bootstrapping process involves updating git submodules and downloading a beta compiler. It doesn't need to be super fast, but that can help.

There are no strict hardware requirements, but building the compiler is computationally expensive, so a beefier machine will help, and I wouldn't recommend trying to build on a Raspberry Pi! We recommend the following.

  • 30GB+ of free disk space. Otherwise, you will have to keep clearing incremental caches. More space is better, the compiler is a bit of a hog; it's a problem we are aware of.
  • 8GB+ RAM
  • 2+ cores. Having more cores really helps. 10 or 20 or more is not too many!

Beefier machines will lead to much faster builds. If your machine is not very powerful, a common strategy is to only use ./x check on your local machine and let the CI build test your changes when you push to a PR branch.

Building the compiler takes more than half an hour on my moderately powerful laptop. We suggest downloading LLVM from CI so you don't have to build it from source (see here).

Like cargo, the build system will use as many cores as possible. Sometimes this can cause you to run low on memory. You can use -j to adjust the number of concurrent jobs. If a full build takes more than ~45 minutes to an hour, you are probably spending most of the time swapping memory in and out; try using -j1.

If you don't have too much free disk space, you may want to turn off incremental compilation (see here). This will make compilation take longer (especially after a rebase), but will save a ton of space from the incremental caches.