Testing with Docker

The Rust tree includes Docker image definitions for the platforms used on GitHub Actions in src/ci/docker. The script src/ci/docker/run.sh is used to build the Docker image, run it, build Rust within the image, and run the tests.

You can run these images on your local development machine. This can be helpful to test environments different from your local system. First you will need to install Docker on a Linux, Windows, or macOS system (typically Linux will be much faster than Windows or macOS because the latter use virtual machines to emulate a Linux environment). To enter interactive mode which will start a bash shell in the container, run src/ci/docker/run.sh --dev <IMAGE> where <IMAGE> is one of the directory names in src/ci/docker (for example x86_64-gnu is a fairly standard Ubuntu environment).

The docker script will mount your local Rust source tree in read-only mode, and an obj directory in read-write mode. All of the compiler artifacts will be stored in the obj directory. The shell will start out in the obj directory. From there, you can run ../src/ci/run.sh which will run the build as defined by the image.

Alternatively, you can run individual commands to do specific tasks. For example, you can run python3 ../x.py test src/test/ui to just run UI tests. Note that there is some configuration in the src/ci/run.sh script that you may need to recreate. Particularly, set submodules = false in your config.toml so that it doesn't attempt to modify the read-only directory.

Some additional notes about using the Docker images:

  • Some of the std tests require IPv6 support. Docker on Linux seems to have it disabled by default. Run the commands in enable-docker-ipv6.sh to enable IPv6 before creating the container. This only needs to be done once.
  • The container will be deleted automatically when you exit the shell, however the build artifacts persist in the obj directory. If you are switching between different Docker images, the artifacts from previous environments stored in the obj directory may confuse the build system. Sometimes you will need to delete parts or all of the obj directory before building inside the container.
  • The container is bare-bones, with only a minimal set of packages. You may want to install some things like apt install less vim.
  • You can open multiple shells in the container. First you need the container name (a short hash), which is displayed in the shell prompt, or you can run docker container ls outside of the container to list the available containers. With the container name, run docker exec -it <CONTAINER> /bin/bash where <CONTAINER> is the container name like 4ba195e95cef.